What are the drawbacks of improper brushing?

Tooth brushing is one of our regular activities. Some people also brush their teeth twice every day. They use quality toothpaste to avoid dental problems. Still, why do they have periodontal disease, tooth decay, and other issues? They do not know the right brushing technique.

Moreover, the frequency of brushing, the duration of this activity, and the type of brush can affect the result. Improper tooth brushing can cause different problems. Harsh brushing and over-brushing may also affect dental health in several ways.

Drawbacks of Improper Brushing

Cervical abrasion-

When you brush your teeth too harshly, your teeth become weak. It will result in cervical abrasion. Ultimately, your teeth will get broken into pieces, and you will feel pain.

Teeth become rough-

It is a misconception that by brushing teeth hard, you can maintain the sparkling, white look. But, it does not restore your original teeth color. While you are over-brushing your teeth, the enamel will wear off slowly. It will become thinner in due course. Moreover, the inner pale layer starts displaying the translucent enamel. That is why your teeth look pale. Due to the damage to enamel, your teeth look yellow.

Gum recession-

Gum recession is another adverse effect of brushing your teeth very hard. Your gum tissue will start shrinking back. Your smile will lose its beauty. Due to the continuous recession of the gum, your teeth roots will become visible. These roots are highly sensitive to any stimuli. They can easily get decayed, as there is no enamel for their protection.

Bad brushing habits also cause several other health risks-


Dentists have found that periodontitis can cause diabetes. There is a correlation between these two disorders.

Lack of maintenance of dental hygiene can cause a risk to insulin resistance.


Improper brushing can cause periodontitis, which results in ulcers. Due to periodontitis, there is an accumulation of plaque below your gum. The bacteria in the gum will cause stomach ulcers. Thus, the orally transmitted bacteria can lead to severe effects. Infection during periodontitis can increase the potential of slow bacterial growth.

Most commonly, the brushing mistakes are-

  • The use of a high amount of water after and during brushing- It will dilute the fluoride content in the toothpaste.
  • Side-by-side brushing
  • Too soft and too rough brushing
  • Toothbrush not reaching the gum line
  • No proper treatment of the teeth surface
  • Brushing for a very short period
  • The use of too small and too large brushes

The adverse effects of improper brushing cannot be felt instantly. It may take years to show its impact. To avoid costly consequences, you have to brush your teeth properly every day. Moreover, you must guide your kids on how to brush and floss their teeth.

Like other parts of your body, your teeth need the ultimate care to maintain their health. To ensure that you have adopted the right brushing technique, you can consult your dentist. You will find better oral hygiene, and you may avoid potential dental problems.